Every Student

Scaffolding

Instructional scaffolding is a means by which support and guidance is provided to assist the development of students’ understanding of English. 
Scaffolding may involve modelling, cues, hints, prompts, steps, teacher questioning, direct guidance, selection and sequencing of examples, or support from a teacher, teacher’s aide or peer. 
Scaffolding is temporary and is adjusted as a student becomes more successful or independent in undertaking a task. Scaffolding is reduced in a gradual and planned way by providing more varied, more difficult and less familiar examples or by changing the level of support provided to the student (Harniss et al. 2002). Scaffolds may be presented in verbal, visual (written and/or pictorial), or physical form (NSW Board of Studies, 2011 p. 26).